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重点研究组
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研究组
National Institute for Material Science

Introduction

  We are research institution specializing in materials research in metals, organic or inorganic materials. 
  Our world is made up of various "substances" and in these "materials" the basis of our everyday lives can be found. Materials fall into two major categories such as organic/polymeric materials and inorganic materials, the latter in turn being divided into metals and ceramics.
From the Stone Ages - by way of the Industrial Revolution - up to today, the advance in materials has contributed to the development of humankind and now it is being focused upon as offering a solution for global problems.
  NIMS specializes in carrying out research concerning these materials. Our materials research is managed with the next generation within perspective, in line with our theme, "Materials research for creating tomorrow".
  Research for social needs, advanced key technologies and new materials 
  NIMS has been continuously and actively engaged in fundamental R&D related to materials. In recent years, NIMS has promoted discovery of new phenomena and new functions of materials through utilizing nanotechnology and establishing a variety of technologies of the world's highest levels including characterization techniques and material design/control technologies. 
  Under the 3rd Mid-Term Program, which began in 2011, NIMS is committed to achieving an even higher level in the various technologies which it has developed to date and in the search for materials at the nano-scale, and will assign particular priority to research aimed at solving key global-scale problems, exemplified by environment and energy-related problems. 
  Three priority R&D areas for addressing 2 research challenges.
  One of the main research activities of NIMS is project research, which is implemented using the Operating Subsidy. During the 2nd Mid-Term Program, NIMS carried out 30 projects in 6 areas. For the 3rd Mid-Term Program, these have been prioritized in 19 projects in 3 areas, which will address 2 major research challenges: "R&D for advanced materials responding to social needs" and "Advanced R&D that aims breakthrough with creating innovative materials".
  R&D for advanced materials responding to social needs
  To reduce loads on the environment and build a safe, secure society, and to conduct materials research that produces environmental/energy materials with economic and social value and secures high reliability and safety, NIMS is promoting research in the following areas: 
  · "Materials for Energy, Environment and Resource Field"
This field prioritizes research aimed at solving key global-scale challenges related to the environment, energy, and resources, etc., which is indispensible for growth and the resource security that supports it, through "Green Innovation".
  This "Materials for Energy, Environment and Resource Field" includes 10 projects, which is the largest among the research areas under the new 3rd Mid-Term Program. Strong emphasis is placed on this field because "Green Innovation" is a main pillar of Japanese growth strategy in its 4th Science and Technology Basic Plan (FY 2011-2015), and thus is the area of research which should be promoted with the greatest energy in the future.
  Advanced R&D that aims breakthrough with creating innovative materials



   Diagram of Research Fields 


  As the basis of its research potential, NIMS is actively engaged in research in the following two areas to create innovative substances/materials and establish basic research that leads the field of materials research worldwide.

  · "Advanced Key Technologies Field"
This field gives particular priority to research on infrastructure/generic technologies which are common to all fields, among the various technologies developed in basic research to date.

  · "Nano-scale Materials Field"
In this field, NIMS is grappling with challenging research issues by searching for phenomena and functions unique to materials at the nanoscale beyond the division between inorganic and organic.
  These are technologies that support breakthrough in materials research, encompassing characterization technologies, simulation technologies, and material design techniques, opening the way to new manufacturing processes, the search for new phenomena and new functions unique to nanoscale materials, and also support above mentioned "Research and development for advanced materials responding to social needs".

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